During the pre-Inca period (2.500 BC to 1.400 AD), this area was inhabited by the people of Paracas and Nazca cultures, which, even at this time, solved the problem of irrigation of desert lands; they also had a great ability for goldsmith's art, pottery, weaving and fishing.
After this period, the Inca Pachacutec added these two cultures to his empire.
During the colonial period, on June 17th, 1563, Don Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera founded the city of Villa de Valverde de Ica. Few years later, they changed the location, and renamed it as San Jerónimo de Ica.
One of the most important events of the republican period took place in the Plaza de Armas of this town, on October 20th 1820: Juan Jose Salas, Ica's mayor, gave the first call for the liberation of Peru, first step of the proclamation of the independence of the country.
Now, the Ica region offers green fields, an extraordinary dune desert, the mysterious Nazca lines, the amazing landscape of the national reserve of Paracas, the Huacachina oasis, wine-growing cellars, various religious and popular festivities, and a privileged sunny weather all year long.